马来酸匹衫琼 Pixantrone dimaleate
|产品名称：马来酸匹衫琼 Pixantrone dimaleate
||溶解度：Soluble in DMSO
||贮存：Store at -20℃ 3 years
马来酸匹衫琼 Pixantrone dimaleate是一种拓扑异构酶 II (topoisomerase II) 的抑制剂和 DNA 嵌入剂，具有抗肿瘤活性。Pixantrone dimaleate is a topoisomerase II inhibitor. Pixantrone induces cell death in multiple cancer cell lines independent of cell cycle perturbation, with IC50s of 37.3 nM, 126 nM and 136 nM for T47D, MCF-10A and OVCAR5 cells, respectively. Pixantrone induces DNA damage at high concentrations (500 nM) but not at concentrations (100 nM) sufficient to kill PANC1 cells. Pixantrone (25 or 100 nM) induces severe chromosomal aberrations and mitotic catastrophe in PANC1 cells. Pixantrone (100 nM) may disrupt chromosome segregation because of generating merotelic kinetochore attachments that cause chromosome non-disjunction. Pixantrone potently inhibits growth of human Leukemia K562 cells, etoposide-resistant K/VP.5 cells, MDCK and ABCB1-transfected MDCK/MDR cells, with IC50s of 0.10 μM, 0.56 μM, 0.058 μM and 4.5 μM, respectively. Pixantrone (0.01-0.2 μM) leads to a concentration-dependent formation of linear DNA through acting on topoisomerase IIα. Pixantrone produces semiquinone free radicals in an enzymatic reducing system, although not in a cellular system, most likely due to low cellular uptake. Pixantrone (0.01-10 μM) shows potent inhibitory activities against rat 97-116 peptide-specific T cell proliferation.Pixantrone (27 mg/kg) does not worsen pre-existing moderate degenerative cardiomyopathy in doxorubicin-pretreated mice, by i.v. one dose every 7 days repeated thrice (q7d × 3). Pixantrone (27 mg/kg) causes minimal cardiotoxic in mice following repeated treatment cycles. Moreover, Pixantrone results in less mortality than mitoxantrone in doxorubicin-pretreated mice. Pixantrone (16.25 mg/kg i.v, q7d × 3) modulates Lymph node cells (LNC) responses, and affacts T cell subpopulations in TAChR-immunized Lewis rats. Pixantrone also shows preventive and therapeutic effect in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) rats.